Thursday, August 27, 2020

The Crystal Shard 5. Someday Free Essays

Bruenor strolled up the rough incline with estimated steps, his boots finding similar decent footings he generally utilized when he climbed to the high purpose of the southern finish of the dwarven valley. To the individuals of Ten-Towns, who regularly observed the smaller person standing reflectively on the roost, this high section of stones in the rough edge that lined the valley had come to be known as Bruenor’s Climb. Just beneath the diminutive person, toward the west, were the lights of Termalaine, and past them the dull waters of Maer Dualdon, spotted at times by the running lights of an angling vessel whose unflinching group obstinately would not come shorewards until they had handled a knucklehead. We will compose a custom exposition test on The Crystal Shard 5. Sometime in the future or on the other hand any comparative point just for you Request Now The diminutive person was well over the tundra floor and the most minimal of the incalculable stars that shone the night. The heavenly vault appeared to be cleaned by the chill breeze that had blown since nightfall, and Bruenor felt as if he had gotten away from the obligations of earth. In this spot he discovered his fantasies, and ever they returned him to his old home. Mithril Hall, home of his dads and their’s before them, where streams of the sparkling metal ran rich and profound and the sledges of dwarven smiths rang out in acclaim to Moradin and Dumathoin. Bruenor was simply an unbearded kid when his kin had dove excessively profound into the entrails of the world and had been driven out by the dull things in dim openings. He was presently the oldest enduring individual from his little family and the just one among them who had seen the fortunes of Mithril Hall. They had made their home in the rough valley between the two northernmost of the three lakes some time before any people, other than the brutes, had come to Icewind Dale. They were a poor remainder of what had once been a flourishing dwarven society, a band of outcasts beaten and broken by the loss of their country and legacy. They kept on decreasing in numbers, their seniors passing on as quite a bit of pity as mature age. Despite the fact that the mining under the fields of the locale was acceptable, the dwarves appeared to be bound to blur away into blankness. At the point when Ten-Towns had jumped up, however, the karma of the dwarves rose impressively. Their valley was only north of Bryn Shander, as near the standard city as any of the angling towns, and the people, frequently warring with one another and fending off intruders, were glad to exchange for the glorious reinforcement and weapons that the dwarves produced. In any case, even with the improvement of their lives, Bruenor, especially, yearned to recuperate the antiquated wonder of his progenitors. He saw the appearance of Ten-Towns as a brief remain from a difficult that would not be settled until Mithril Hall had been recuperated and reestablished. â€Å"A cold night for so high a roost, great friend,† came a call from behind. The midget pivoted to confront Drizzt Do’Urden, however he understood that the drow would be undetectable against the dark background of Kelvin’s Cairn. From this vantage point, the mountain was the main outline that broke the featureless line of the northern skyline. It had been so named on the grounds that it took after a hill of intentionally heaped rocks; savage legend guaranteed that it really filled in as a grave. Positively the valley where the dwarves now made their home didn't look like any regular milestone. Toward each path the tundra moved on, level and earthen. Be that as it may, the valley had just meager patches of earth sprinkled in among broken rocks and dividers of strong stone. It, and the mountain on its northern fringe, were the main highlights in all of Icewind Dale with any mentionable amounts of rock, as though they had been lost by some god in the most punctual long stretches of creation. Drizzt noticed the coated look of his friend’s eyes. â€Å"You look for the sights that solitary your memory can see,† he stated, very much aware of the dwarf’s fixation on his antiquated country. â€Å"A sight I’ll see again!† Bruenor demanded. â€Å"We’ll arrive, elf.† â€Å"We don't have the foggiest idea about the way.† â€Å"Roads can be found,† said Bruenor. â€Å"But not until ye search for them.† â€Å"Someday, my friend,† Drizzt humored. In the couple of years that he and Bruenor had been companions, the midget had continually goaded Drizzt about going with him on his experience to discover Mithril Hall. Drizzt thought the thought stupid, for nobody that he had ever spoken with had even an idea regarding the area of the antiquated dwarven home, and Bruenor could just recall disconnected pictures of the shiny lobbies. All things considered, the drow was delicate to his friend’s most profound want, and he generally addressed Bruenor’s supplications with the guarantee of â€Å"someday.† â€Å"We have increasingly dire business at the moment,† Drizzt reminded Bruenor. Prior that day, in a gathering in the dwarven lobbies, the drow had point by point his discoveries to the dwarves. â€Å"Yer sure they’ll be comin’ then?† Bruenor asked now. â€Å"Their charge will shake the stones of Kelvin’s Cairn,† Drizzt answered as he left the dimness of the mountain’s outline and joined his companion. â€Å"And if Ten-Towns doesn't stand joined against them, the individuals are doomed.† Bruenor subsided into a hunch and turned his eyes toward the south, around the inaccessible lights of Bryn Shander. â€Å"They’ll not, the difficult fools,† he mumbled. â€Å"They may, if your kin went to them.† â€Å"No,† snarled the smaller person. â€Å"We’ll battle alongside them in the event that they decide to stand together, an’ feel sorry for then to the brutes! Go to them, if ye wish, an’ good karma to ye, yet nothing o’ the dwarves. Let us see what coarseness an’ guts the fisherfolk can muster.† Drizzt grinned at the incongruity of Bruenor’s refusal. Them two knew well that the drow was not trusted, not even transparently invited, in any of the towns other than Lonelywood, where their companion Regis was representative. Bruenor denoted the drow’s look, and it tormented him as it tormented Drizzt, however the mythical person apathetically imagined something else. â€Å"They owe ye more than they’ll ever know,† Bruenor expressed straight, turning a thoughtful eye on his companion. â€Å"They owe me nothing.† Bruenor shook his head. â€Å"Why do ye care?† he snarled. â€Å"Ever yer watchin’ over the people that show ye no decent will. What do ye owe to them?† Drizzt shrugged, unable to discover an answer. Bruenor was correct. When the drow had first resulted in these present circumstances land, the one in particular who had demonstrated him any kinship whatsoever was Regis. He regularly accompanied and ensured the halfling through the risky first legs of the excursion from Lonelywood, around the open tundra north of Maer Dualdon and down toward Bryn Shander, when Regis went to the standard city for business or board gatherings. They had really met on one such trek: Regis attempted to escape from Drizzt on the grounds that he’d heard horrible gossipy tidbits about him. Fortunately for them two, Regis was a halfling who was generally ready to keep a receptive outlook about individuals and make his own decisions concerning their character. It wasn’t some time before the two were quick companions. Be that as it may, right up 'til the present time, Regis and the dwarves were the main ones in the territory who considered the drow a companion. â€Å"I don't have the foggiest idea why I care,† Drizzt addressed sincerely. His eyes turned around to his antiquated country, where devotion was simply a gadget to increase a favorable position over a typical adversary. â€Å"Perhaps I care since I endeavor to be not quite the same as my people,† he stated, as a lot to himself as to Bruenor. â€Å"Perhaps I care since I am unique in relation to my kin. I might be progressively much the same as the races of the surface†¦that is my expectation in any event. I care since I need to think about something. You are not all that extraordinary, Bruenor Battlehammer. We care in case our own lives be empty.† Bruenor positioned an inquisitive eye. â€Å"You can deny your affections for the individuals of Ten-Towns to me, yet not to yourself.† â€Å"Bah!† Bruenor grunted. â€Å"Sure that I care for them! My society need the trade!† â€Å"Stubborn,† Drizzt muttered, grinning purposely. â€Å"And Catti-brie?† he squeezed. â€Å"What of the human young lady who was stranded in the strike those years back on Termalaine? The starving stray that you took in and brought up as your own child.† Bruenor was happy that the front of night offered some insurance from his noteworthy become flushed. â€Å"She lives with you still, however even you would need to concede that she can return to her own sort. Might it be, maybe, that you care for her, blunt dwarf?† â€Å"Aw, shut yer mouth,† Bruenor protested. â€Å"She’s a servin’ vixen and makes my life somewhat simpler, however don’t ye go gettin’ sappy about her!† â€Å"Stubborn,† Drizzt repeated all the more noisily this time. He had one more card to play in this conversation. â€Å"What of myself, at that point? Dwarves are not excessively enamored with the light mythical beings, not to mention the drow. How would you legitimize the fellowship you have demonstrated me? I don't have anything to offer you consequently however my own companionship. For what reason do you care?† â€Å"Ye bring me news when†¦Ã¢â‚¬  Bruenor held back, mindful that Drizzt had cornered him. Be that as it may, the drow didn’t press the issue any further. So the companions watched peacefully as the lights of Bryn Shander went down, individually. In spite of his outward insensitivity, Bruenor acknowledged how obvious a portion of the drow’s allegations had rung; he had come to think about the individuals who had chosen the banks of the three lakes. â€Å"What do ye intend to do then?† the smaller person asked finally. â€Å"I intend to caution them,† Drizzt answered. â€Å"You think little of your neighbors, Bruenor. They’re made of harder stuff than you believe.† â€Å"Agreed,† said the midget, â€Å"but my ques

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Care of the Malnourished Elderly Patient

List of chapters Page numbers Abstract†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ 2 Chapter 1/Introduction Origin of the Problem†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 5 Significance or Importance of the Problem for Nursing†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦6-8 Problem Statement†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 8 Purpose of the Study†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚ ¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 9 Hypothesis-Null and Research†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦.. 9 Definition of Terms.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 9-10 Assumptions†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 10 Summary†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦. 10 Chapter II /Review of Literature Review of Literature†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦11-16 Chapter III/Methodology and Research Design Research Design†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 17 Variables†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦17-18 Selection of Subjects and Research Setting†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ †¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 18-19 Data Collection Instruments †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ †¦. 19 Statistical Analysis†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦. †¦. 20 Data Collection Procedure †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 20 Limitations†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. 21 APPENDICESA. Solicitation for Permission to Survey Participants†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦. 22 B. Healthful Assessmen t Survey†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦. †¦23-26 REFERENCES . †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦ †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦27-28 Chapter I. Presentation Origin of the Problem In our general public, unhealthiness and under-nourishment is a rising issue for the more established grown-up populace. Around 35%-85% of inhabitants living in a drawn out consideration office, 60% of hospitalized more seasoned grown-ups, and a gauge of 5%-10% of more seasoned grown-ups living in network settings are malnourished (Maher and Eliadi, n. d. ).These insights unfortunately show that hospitalized and long haul care patients are bound to become under sustained contrasted with the old populace in the network. As per the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI, 2007), lac k of healthy sustenance can prompt genuine or unfavorable wellbeing results. Lack of healthy sustenance has been connected to long medical clinic remains with higher confusions, dismalness, mortality, and incessant visits to their general expert (JBI, 2007). There are a few hazard factors (I. e. physical, psychosocial, social, and clinical variables) that lead to lack of healthy sustenance (Maher and Eliadi, n. . ). It is anticipated that by 2030, the older populace in the United States will twofold in measure and surpass 70 million individuals. Considering these expectations, tending to the dietary needs of the old will arrive at incredible scale and become a mind boggling issue. In view of clinical perception, the signs and side effects of lack of healthy sustenance and under nourishment are regularly neglected. Watching occupants in a clinical setting at a neighborhood long haul human services office accelerated our enthusiasm for this issue with malnutrition.The dominant part of older individuals living in care homes either have dementia, experience the ill effects of some type of physical handicap, or experience issues gulping, which confines them from enough hydrating and sustaining themselves. With dementia, they as a rule don't recall how to eat or how to bite. With different physical incapacities, for example, furthest point contractures, their capacity to take care of themselves is regularly constrained. In case of gulping troubles, their food inclination is frequently adjusted to forestall stifling or aspiration.This regularly demoralizes them from eating because of the surface of the eating routine arranged. With the issues fore-expressed, the inhabitants frequently need to depend on the staff to help them with dinners. Guardians frequently add to the issue of lack of healthy sustenance in light of the fact that insufficient time is dedicated to helping and managing the occupants to guarantee they are eating appropriately. It is our activity as gua rdians to know the indications of hunger and hazard factors that lead to ailing health with the goal that it tends to be recognized and answered to the doctor or dietitian ahead of schedule, before serious issues occur.Various dietary screening instruments, evaluation devices, studies, and research programs are accessible to help confine and give forceful preventive treatment methodologies to those in danger. The Nutritional Form for the Elderly (NUFFE), Malnutrition Screening Tool (MST), and the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST) are instrumental in recognizing and giving intercessions to diminish dismalness and mortality. These different examinations help bolster the way that lack of healthy sustenance is ignored, unrecognized, and left untreated by medical caretakers and medicinal services professionals.Other considers locate that despite the fact that hunger was recognized, no mediations were established to treat this developing concern. Noteworthiness of the Problem f or Nursing In a clinic based setting, there are a few unique gatherings and offices that manage persistent consideration. These offices and gatherings comprise of nutritionists, specialists, social laborers and different orders. In any case, the attendants are at last answerable for the whole consideration of the patient all through their stay.Nurses understand that numerous older patients come into the medical clinic undernourished or malnourished identified with their being on a fixed salary, having diminished access to food, having poor information on nourishment, or being subject to others for food readiness. These older patients now and again have interminable ailment, for example, gloom, malignant growth, diabetes, renal disappointment, and cardiovascular illness that prompts unhealthiness or under-nourishment (Briggs 2007). Under-nourishment is a wide spread issue that generally brings about the old remaining in the emergency clinic longer identified with a postponement in re cuperation, more complexities, and higher mortality rate.That is the reason it is significant for attendants to do a point by point appraisal upon admission to forestall these issues or issues. It is the nurse’s obligation to assemble all the foundation data about a patient during the appraisal time frame. This will assist with diagnosing the nourishing status from the earliest starting point of the patient’s care. A portion of the data that is gathered during this time, for example, the patient’s mental status, permits the nursing group to distinguish if the patient is arranged or has issues with dementia.According to Briggs’ 2007 article, dementia is a typical reason for under sustenance, similar to the antagonistic impacts of meds, for example, digoxin and some antidepressants. Antihistamines, angiotensin-changing over compound inhibitors, and lithium zinc insufficiency can modify a patient’s taste and smell. Therefore, the attendant needs to ga ther a prescription rundown that is current (Briggs 2007). During this procedure, attendants ought to pose inquiries that will uncover data about the patient’s clinical history. This is done to distinguish potential ailments that affect the patient’s dietary status.Nurses should utilize all assets accessible to them subsequent to gathering information to help with care of the patient. It is significant for the attendant to know the arrangements and systems at the

Friday, August 21, 2020

Essay Examples on Themes

Essay Examples on ThemesIt is possible to find a lot of essay samples on themes. But most of them would be centered on the same topic area. This means that when you are working on an essay, you will have to pick the best theme or topic for it, or else you may end up wasting your time. With the help of these essays, you will be able to improve the quality of your work.So which theme should you choose? This is the question that many students face, especially the ones who are starting out in their studies. Well, this is actually quite simple. However, since many students are busy and cannot find time to read essays on themes, I have prepared this article in order to help them out. After reading this article, you will know more about the different kinds of themes.The most common theme or topic that most students think of is their career. Nowadays, almost all students have a career as one of their dreams. And because of this, they have started writing essays on this subject.Since these es says are based on your dream, it means that there are a lot of time and effort that go into it. In fact, most students need to spend so much time thinking about their careers. If you also need to write essays on your career, then make sure that you select the perfect topic and theme.Good topic and theme will give the students an idea about what their career is all about. Therefore, by choosing the best topic, it will be easier for you to write the essay. Since these topics will reflect the style of your personality, if you want to know more about your career, you can read the essays on topics that are related to your hobbies and interests.Although these themes are the most common themes that students choose, they are not the only ones. There are others, like the events, seasonal topics, and even historical topics. However, by choosing the perfect theme, it will give you the best and most appropriate way to express yourself through the essay.Keep in mind that it will be easier for yo u to convey the theme if the subject matter is related to the topic that you are writing about. For example, if you are writing about the weather, then you can use the words 'the wind blows'the sun shines' to represent the feeling that you are trying to convey. The same thing goes for your profession.However, you will need to find a topic that is relevant to the subject matter. Just keep in mind that there are a lot of themes that you can choose from, but if you want to give it a different dimension, then you can choose another theme.

Monday, May 25, 2020

The Meaning of the Surname Fuchs

The Fuchs surname means fox, from the Middle High German vuhs, meaning fox. Sometimes used to describe someone with red hair, or someone considered crafty or clever - characteristics attributed to the fox. The name first came into use in the German state of Bavaria. Fox is the English version of this surname. Fuchs is the 42nd most common German surname. Surname Origin:  GermanAlternate Surname Spellings:  FUHS, FUX, FOX Famous People with the Fuchs Surname Bernard Fuchs  - French pilot and WWII heroEduard Fuchs  - Marxist cultural scientistEmil Fuchs -  Ã‚  German theologianErich Fuchs  - English physiologistPeter Paul Fuchs - Austrian-born conductor and composerVivian Fuchs - British geologist and polar explorer Where the Fuchs Surname Is Most Common According to surname distribution from Forebears, the Fuchs surname is most common in Austria, where it ranks as the 11th most common last name in the country. It is also very common in Germany (36th), Switzerland (39th) and  Liechtenstein (72nd). WorldNames PublicProfiler indicates that Fuchs is most widespread in eastern Switzerland, in the Zentralschweiz region, and throughout much of Austria, especially in the Graz and Landeck regions. Surname maps from indicate the  Fuchs last name is most common in southern Germany, especially in the counties or cities of Munich, Rhein-Neckar-Kreis, Ostalbkreis, Cologne, Passau, Muremberg, Rhein-Sieg-Kreis, and Karlsruhe. Genealogy Resources for the Surname Fuchs Meanings of Common German Surnames: Uncover the meaning of your German last name with this free guide to the meanings and origins of common German surnames.Fuchs  Family Crest - Its Not What You Think: Contrary to what you may hear, there is no such thing as a Fuchs  family crest or coat of arms for the Fuchs surname.  Coats of arms are granted to individuals, not families, and may rightfully be used only by the uninterrupted male-line descendants of the person to whom the coat of arms was originally granted.Fox Y-DNA Surname Project: Individuals with the Fox  surname, and variations such as Fuchs, are invited to participate in this group DNA project in an attempt to learn more about Fox family origins. The website includes information on the project, the research done to date, and instructions on how to participate.FUCHS  Family Genealogy Forum: This free message board is focused on descendants of Fuchs ancestors around the world. Search or browse the archives for posts ab out your Fuchs ancestors, or join the group and post your own Fuchs query.FamilySearch - FUCHS  Genealogy: Explore over 630,000 results from digitized  historical records and lineage-linked family trees related to the Fuchs surname on this free website hosted by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.FUCHS  Surname Mailing List: Free mailing list for researchers of the Fuchs surname and its variations includes subscription details and a searchable archives of past - FUCHS Genealogy Family History: Explore free databases and genealogy links for the last name Fuchs.GeneaNet - Fuchs  Records: GeneaNet includes archival records, family trees, and other resources for individuals with the Fuchs  surname, with a concentration on records and families from France and other European countries.The Fuchs Genealogy and Family Tree Page: Browse genealogy records and links to genealogical and historical records for individuals with the Fuchs surname f rom the website of Genealogy Today. References: Surname Meanings Origins Cottle, Basil.  Penguin Dictionary of Surnames. Baltimore, MD: Penguin Books, 1967. Dorward, David.  Scottish Surnames. Collins Celtic (Pocket edition), 1998. Fucilla, Joseph.  Our Italian Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 2003. Hanks, Patrick and Flavia Hodges.  A Dictionary of Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1989. Hanks, Patrick.  Dictionary of American Family Names. Oxford University Press, 2003. Reaney, P.H.  A Dictionary of English Surnames. Oxford University Press, 1997. Smith, Elsdon C.  American Surnames. Genealogical Publishing Company, 1997.

Friday, May 15, 2020

Mrs. Harris s Heart Failure - 935 Words

In the case study it discusses a patient, Mrs. Harris, who is a 72 year old and is complaining of fatigue and swelling in her feet. Mrs. Harris also expresses her concern on the swelling, as some days she is unable to put her shoes on despite proper elevation. She also states walking to her mailbox can be challenging because it causes her to feel more tired and to have shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea. Mrs. Harris is currently taking medication for high blood pressure, hypertension; and is also drinking approximately 8-12 glasses of wine a week. While examining Mrs. Harris it’s clear she is a little overweight and has swollen ankles. Upon listening to Mrs. Harris’s breathing, crackles are heard. Therefore, Mrs. Harris seems to have congestive heart failure. Heart failure describes the heart’s inability to function properly, meaning the heart is unable to pump efficiently throughout the body. Thus causing the heart to work extra hard in order to compensate the body’s needs, but this ultimately leads to failure. And due to Mrs. Harris’s hypertension and alcohol consumption, she is now displaying signs and symptoms of congestive heart failure, as both are major risk factors. Heart failure can be seen in the left side, which is also known as congestive heart failure, and the right side of heart. The left side is typically the first side to fail, as the left ventricle is the heart’s largest chamber and the most powerful. â€Å"Left heart failure, commonly calledShow MoreRelatedThe Play The Browning Version Is Centered Around The Life Of The World1482 Words   |  6 PagesThe play The Browning Version is centered around the life of the schoolmaster Andrew Crocker-Harris who instructs the classics at the fifth level. From the play, it is clear that Andrew has a deep appreciation for the classics and keen sense of translation of them. Mr. Crocker was once considered a teacher that everyone would laugh at for the way he taught, but Mr. Crocker was fine with that because it was easier to teach with humor rather than be strict or beat the students. With the new studentsRead MoreCongestive Cardiac Failure6720 Words   |  27 PagesAssessment 2 – Congestive Cardiac Failure 1. Mr Wright’s admission states that he has CCF (congestive cardiac failure). Clearly define CCF. What organs and which body systems are affected by this disorder? Congestive cardiac failure defined Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) is a progressive disease of the heart, which involves loss of pumping ability by the heart. Congestive cardiac failure occurs when the myocardium loses its ability to pump enough blood to meet the body’s metabolic needs and isRead MoreHuman Bodies Are Much Like Carefully Crafted Machines1495 Words   |  6 Pages Olivia Harris Mrs. Gerhart Health 7/21/2016 Intricate human bodies are much like carefully crafted machines. Each function has a purpose, and each need has a particular function. And, much like a machine, bodies can replenish their power, repair themselves, and fail and break down. One particular necessity for human bodies is sleep, and if not acquired, many complications can emerge. Sleep deprivation is a common problem all too often overlooked as a mere loss of a night’s rest. Most peopleRead MoreProfessional, Ethical Legal Issues in Nursing Practice3760 Words   |  16 Pagesof a practical situation which raised ethical issues: Mr Lim 70 years old has been hospitalised for medical treatment with the diagnosis of chronic heart failure. He was ordered intravenous therapy by Dr Peter the medical resident. Nurse Su questions the order because it is for an infusion of Dextrose 50%. Dr Peter tells her that he checked it with Dr Lee, the medical officer. Nurse Su checks it with Nurse May before administration. Later, Mr Lim has a cardiac arrest and suffers extensive brain damageRead MoreGuess whos coming to dinner2087 Words   |  9 Pageslarger socio-political context of 1960’s America in regards to both attitudes of antagonism and acceptance of interracial marriage. Guess Who’s Coming to Dinner addressed a forbidden subject during the pinnacle of cultural changes in America. This film is brilliantly put together, and part of that reason is because of the outstanding cast. The cast consisted of these now well-known stars: Spencer Tracy, Sidney Poitier and Katharine Hepburn, and featuring Hepburn s niece Katharine Houghton. HoweverRead MoreThe Cultural Identity Of The Strong Black Woman2874 Words   |  12 Pageshumanity/ I wear it on my shoulders/ Gotta find the strength in me/’Cause I am a Superwoman/ Yes I am, yes she is/ Still when I m a mess, I still put on a vest/ With a S on my chest/ Oh yes, I m a Superwoman- Alicia Keys, Superwoman Alicia Keys is reiterating an identity that is universally accepted by most African-American women (Harris-Perry 184). This is the cultural identity of the Strong Black Woman (SBW): self-reliant, tough, and hardworking. Stuart Hall defines cultural identities as, â€Å"[A] sortRead More The Scarlet Letter Essay examples2414 Words   |  10 Pagesnor feigns any, for Ahasuerus (Gartner). To the extent that Hester represents Hawthorne’s version of Esther (Gartner). In The Scarlet Letter, Dimmesdale is one of the main characters. Arthur Dimmesdale is referred to as Reverend Mr. Dimmesdale (Hawthorne 90). Reverend Mr. Dimmesdale is a young clergyman, who had come from one of the greatest English Universities (Hawthorne 90). He was a person of very striking aspect, with a white, lofty, impending brown, and large brown eyes (Hawthorne 90). DimmesdaleRead MoreManagement of Hospitalized Patient With Diabetes Mellitus Essay2805 Words   |  12 PagesMr. Brown is a 45 year old male who has been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), peripheral arterial disease,(PAD), and hypertension (HTN). Mr. Brown requires immediate intra venous therapy of normal saline to re-hydrate and correct his electrolyte imbalance. Mr. Brown was admitted to the ward following a revascularization procedure on his anterior lower right leg, and has a history of Hyperosmolar Hyperglycaemic Nonketotic Syndrome (HHNS) which is a combination of hyperosmolality ofRead MoreP hysical And Emotional Abuse Explored The Color Purple3677 Words   |  15 Pagesdeveloped in characters. The life of Celie in her novel The Colour Purple gives an insight to what might have been the situations endured, I believe the novel presents a clear and deliberate representation of the life of African-Americans in the early 1900’s. On the contrary, Kathryn Stockett, whose first novel was The Help, was primarily intended to showcase her skills as a novelist by capturing the main topic of abuse and also focusing directly on abuse against races and gender. I am of the opinion thatRead MoreThe Texas Youth Commission2511 Words   |  10 Pagesabuse of children there and consequently the failure to socialize and control these children in accordance with the norms of mainstream American society†. I will analyze the problem through the lens of sociological theories. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Bipolar I Disorder Group And The Control Group - 873 Words

According to bipolar I disorder is characterized by one or more manic episodes or mixed episodes and one or more major depressive episodes. Bipolar I disorder is the most severe form of illness marked by extreme manic episodes (Types of Bipolar Disorder). In the experiment, Understanding Creativity in Bipolar I Disorder, the experimenters hypothesized that bipolar I disorder would be related to elevations of and greater variability in lifetime creative accomplishment and divergent thinking In this experiment, there were two groups which were the bipolar I disorder group and the control group. The experimenters examined if divergent thinking within the bipolar group was related to positive affectivity, ambition, medication, or depressive and manic symptom severity. They also examined if trait like levels of positive affectivity, neurocognition and ambition were related to either divergent thinking or lifetime creative accomplishment within bipolar disorder. In this experiment there were 62 participants that were diagnosed with bipolar 1 disorder and 50 control participants that had no diagnosis of a lifetime mood disorder. The people that were participating were recruited from the Bay Area Community in California. Everyone was fluent English speakers and ranged between 18 and 65 years old. Neither with no history of brain injury or medical conditions of the central nervous system and no show of impaired mental status or developmental disability. EveryShow MoreRelatedUnderstanding Creativity Of Bipolar I Disorder1009 Words   |  5 PagesIn the experiment, Understanding Creativity in Bipolar I Disorder, the experimenters hypothesized that bipolar I disorder would be related to elevations of and greater variability in lifetime creative accomplishment and divergent thinking In this experiment, there were two groups which were the bipolar I disorder group and the control group. 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However, instead they took her to see a clinical psychologist who focused on mood disorders, especially Bipolar Disorder. The therapist found out from her that her Aunt (biological mother’s sister) had moments where she had fun extreme ideas when Maria was about 12 years old an d they would go out and just do whatever idea her Aunt came up with. As wellRead More The Bipolar Brain and the Creative Mind Essay1434 Words   |  6 PagesThe Bipolar Brain and the Creative Mind Our hospital was famous and had housed many great poets and singers. Did the hospital specialize in poets and singers, or was it that poets and singers specialized in madness? ... What is it about meter and cadence and rhythm that makes their makers mad? (1) The link between madness and creativity is one that has been hotly debated in both medical and literary circles for a long time. The two most common types of mental illness theorized to be anRead MoreThe Link Between Creativity and Bipolar Disorder, Annotated Bibliography854 Words   |  4 PagesTHE LINK BETWEEN CREATIVITY AND BIPOLAR DISORDER The Link Between Creativity and Bipolar Disorder Creativity is related with bipolar disorder is a popular assumption. The fact that many creative people, including Van Gogh, Ernest Hemingway, Leo Tolstoy, and Sylvia Plath, suffered from some kind of mental disorders triggers that idea. Psychologists have been interested in this contingent link for decades. In this paper, after defining both terms, I examine three articles that report

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Asian Literature Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity

Question: Discuss about theAsian Literaturefor Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity. Answer: Introduction This assignment strives to provide a comparison and contrast between two selected texts, which are the "Funny Boy" by Shyam Selvadurai and "The joy Luck club" by Amy Tan. With the help of multi-section compositions, the "Funny Boy" portrays the clashes of cultural values and The joy Luck club depicts the challenges involved in cultural transition, the issues associated with immigrant identity, control over individuals destiny and so on. A thesis statement would be set that control the matter under discussion and summarizes the core concept of the selected texts. An inherent bond exists and carries forward from one generation to another, irrespective of cultural and generational conflicts, which is well interpreted in the context of storytelling. Throughout the text of The joy Luck club various narrators arbitrated on their helplessness to translate the sentiments and ideas during cultural transition. The partial understanding of the cultures of the daughters and mothers are obliged to their deficient language understanding. Also, the hindrances, which exist between the daughters and mothers, are sometimes because of their inefficiency to communicate with each other. Daughters know few Chinese words and mothers have very little knowledge on English that made their communication difficult and requires translation. However, problems have been faced while accepted and intended meaning are changed that in turn leads to misunderstanding. Many characters make sacrifices for their love towards their parents and children. The selflessness devotion conveys the bond between child and parent. Generational, linguistic and cultural gulfs are repeatedly weakened but it is also proved that the bond is not destroyed (Rogers and Meltzoff). Th is further shows that irrespective of the cultural barriers, children and parent bond strongly exists. It is mentioned in The joy Luck club that storytelling is a way of controlling individuals fate. It has created a place to barter stories. With hardship and pain, Suyun, a female character wanted to control her life. This indicates that the text not only served as distraction, but also facilitated the transformation of support, love, circumstance and community. Stories act to supportsense of sovereignty, a mode of relinquishing individuals identity and obtaining autonomy. Caren Schnur Neile and David Novak (2013) have mentioned that storytelling among the indigenous culture is passed in a relaxing and quiet environment orally that coincide with official events, like ceremonial practices, rituals and tribal or family community gathering. This is sometimes considered as a way of correcting undesired behavior of the children. At some point, individual characters have conveyed their anxiety over their inefficiency to settle Chinese heritage considering the American surroundings. They expressed anxiety over their cultural identity. A very similar concept has been explained by Shyam Selvadurai in his text the "Funny Boy", which demonstrated constant cultural conflict between Singhalese and Tamils take place in Sri Lanka. Selvadurai expressed about emotional strength of the adolescents. He sometimes feels out of place as his approach towards life varied greatly from the individuals surrounding him. Similar to The joy Luck club, Selvadurai demonstrated how contradictory cultural beliefs could give rise to estrangement and confusion (Tan). The "Funny Boy" explored the subject of homosexuality during early childhood, which is perceptive, emotive and articulates from the heart. Arjie, the character, tolerates bigotry, understands that he is homosexual and expresses his intolerance towards homosexuality (Selvadura i). Complex thoughts if compromise, love and hate senses affect the childhood to a greater extent. Arjie inhabited the symbolic role of a bride. This shows that he is free to admit him as going beyond the restrictions of self and excel to another more beautiful and more brilliant self. The text in the form of storytelling conveyed a message to the readers that there is no language of sexuality, but only neutral and idealized forms. Arjies understanding that he does not belong to either girls or the boys world and caught between these two was a precursor of further recognition of homosexuality that again instilling the moral values of the character. This could exist as same or vary from one culture to another. Davis (2014) in this context have mentioned that more insight towards gender, biological sex, sexual orientation and gender identity enables individuals to relate oneself with other people. Problems with immigrant identity are major focus in English literature because while individuals migrate from one culture or geographical area to another, they bear their expressions and knowledge of anguish along with them (Ferguson). Upon settling down, their original cultural identity is on the verge of change, which stimulates an extent of belonging. They try to settle down by biculturalism or assimilation (Grzymala-Kazlowska). Cultural identity can alter over time as the behavior and belief of people or group may change (Maxwell). Acknowledging breadth of cultural uniqueness is significant to any effort made in order to go beyond the racism that in turn gives rise to an understanding among the diverse cultural groups. The "Funny Boy" is an eye-opener of culturally suitable gender roles and civil strife, which prepares a simple and innocent child to experience boisterous situations in later life. The joy Luck club comprises interwoven stories regarding conflicts between immigrant mothers from China and American-raised daughters and thereby, reflects the cultural clashes. Individual mother-daughter pair put great effort to deal with generational and cultural differences. To the daughters their mothers are overbearing, threatening and old-fashioned. Sequentially, their mothers infuriated that their daughters have poor understanding of culture, satisfaction in simple jobs and attitudes towards men. This shows that individual daughter and mother understand each others perspectives. Cultural identity is significant as it helps individuals to preserve history and create a milieu where individuals feel they fit in. Cultural identity is stimulated by elements like social class, ancestry, family, educationa l level, political opinions and so on. While The joy Luck club focuses onto cultural clashes, the Funny Boy emphasizes on the different perception and understanding of gender and sexuality. Both the selected texts contain small plots based on what the authors have expressed various concerns associated with cultural clashes, immigrant identity, sexism, and so on. But in the present context, storytelling could be a common theme derived from the two selected texts. References Caren Schnur Neile, and David Novak. "Toward a Methodology of Storytelling Performance Criticism".Storytelling, Self, Society9.1 (2013): 129. Davis, Terri M. "Psychology Education Can Foster Exploration and Knowledge of Religion, Spirituality, Sexual Orientation, and Gender Diversity.Psychology of Sexual Orientation and Gender Diversity1.2 (2014): 106-108. Ferguson, Susan J.Race, Gender, Sexuality, Social Class. Los Angeles: SAGE Publications, 2013. Print. Grzymala-Kazlowska, A. "Social Anchoring: Immigrant Identity, Security And Integration Reconnected?".Sociology(2015). Maxwell, R. "Occupations, National Identity, and Immigrant Integration".Comparative Political Studies(2016). Rogers, Leoandra Onnie and Andrew N. Meltzoff. "Is Gender More Important And Meaningful Than Race? An Analysis Of Racial And Gender Identity Among Black, White, And Mixed-Race Children.".Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology(2016). Selvadurai, Shyam.Funny Boy. 1997. Tan, Amy.The Joy Luck Club. New York: Putnam's, 1989.

Sunday, April 12, 2020

TERROISM UNIT 9 Essay Example

TERROISM UNIT 9 Essay Terrorism Name: Course: Institution: We will write a custom essay sample on TERROISM UNIT 9 specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on TERROISM UNIT 9 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on TERROISM UNIT 9 specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer Tutor: Date: Terrorism The Impact of Terrorism on the Police Mission Terrorists attacks in the U.S have made a significant different in many departments of the federal. The security department is the most affected. The police department in specific has had to come up with several policies and make a few changes in order to make the significant impact. Concerning the police mission, they are now more careful and more analytical in every case or suspicion they handle (The Council of State Governemnts, 2005). They are no longer only analytical with the immigrants only, but now they are also analytical on the citizens. This is because some attacks have been made by the U.S citizens. To the police, every body is a suspect and capable of either carrying out or facilitating a terrorist attack. Although the terrorist attacks are more serious than the local deaths as they lead to more deaths and casualties, the crimes performed in the neighborhood or locally are taking longer to solve. The police are paying too much attention to the big crimes and overlooking some things that lead to the small crimes. Unlike in the past decades, today, special units have been set aside to specialize in terrorist activities, which include terrorist, groups, threats and those countries that are hosts to terrorist groups such as the Middle East countries (Bayley Perito, 2010). Nowadays, the police department has put it upon itself to monitor the immigrants more critically than before. The monitoring is more critical on the immigrants from the Arab countries or countries that are considered a threat to the U.S. The police mission is to protect all the people of the United States. For this case, there are security issues that have been emphasized as compared to other issues especially after the 9/11 attack. There are more security check-ups, more scrutiny on immigrants and through follow-up on the slightest suspicion of any terrorist threat or activity. Appropriate Law Enforcement Behavior The immigration policy is one of the most prominent arguments relating to the terrorism issues in the United States. The disagreements concern the extent at which the immigrants’ privacy and activities should be monitored. The president argues that the immigrants should be given the same freedom and treatment as the other American citizens, while the other opposing parties argue that there should be stricter policies governing immigration and the immigrants. These include limiting the number of immigrants who are being granted the American citizenship, putting more security at the borders, more scrutiny and vetting at the American embassies before people are given visas to come to the United States amongst other policies ad regulations (Bayley Perito, 2010). It is true that some precautions and regulations interfere with the people’s liberty. For example, the American streets, roads and buildings are filled with cameras. Although it is a protection measure, there are those who argue that too many cameras are interfering with the people’s privacy. In other cases, the concerned federal authorities in charge of security listen to the phone conversations, read the emails and text messages of the people. These extreme measures are more applied on the immigrants who are from the countries hosting terrorist organizations and those being suspected of engaging in suspicious activities. Since the 9/11 attack, stricter measures have been taken (Schulhofer, 2002). However, there are those who argue that these strict measures are affecting particular groups as compared to all the people. Immigrations policies are stricter, limiting the level of legal migration as much as they can, in order to lower the risk of terrorists entering the country. The strict monitoring of the borders and the limiting the level of legal immigration is beneficial. However, these policies should not interfere with the privacy and the liberty of the people of America. This is what the president is putting across. Social Stigma and Police Ethics The social stigma on immigrants from the Arab countries or the people of the Muslim religion has made the police department more careful of their ethical conduct especially after the 9/11 attack (Schulhofer, 2002). Although the police may be tempted to suspect any person from Muslim countries thus being more critical with them as compared to the other countries, it is unethical for them to have legally acceptable reasons when conducting any surveillance or for invading any form of their privacy. There is also a social stigma on the immigrants especially with the ongoing debates concerning the level of legal migration that should be allowed. This area touches on the ethical values of the people. It is ethically required of the police to treat all people, no matter the background, origin, gender or race, in line with their rights, even though they have enough evidence connecting them with a particular criminal act. It is also required of them to follow the right procedures when follow up on a lead concerning a terrorist activity or a suspect (Bayley Perito, 2010). Social stigma has played a role in reducing police corruption. For example, any suspicion of any terrorist activity is being taken seriously as compared to the previous years. In the past, one had to have concrete evidence before any suspected terrorist activity was given the concentration it deserves (The Council of state Governments, 2005). The checks in the airports, train stations and other transport stations were on as severe as it is today. Police were not as careful as they are today. All the immigrants are being fully searched despite their country of origin. Ethical Forces and Police Corruption The ethical forces behind the police corruption are not different with the ethical forces behind the use of police force. The ethical forces concerning police corruption are a matter of how the police conduct themselves. Similarly, the ethical forces behind police force concern the police treatment of the public. Both ways concern the public. For example, the police are required to treat every situation with the seriousness it deserves. The police are asked not to accept any bribes or tokens form the public as a way of motivating them to act. This ethical force requires them to follow the right procedures whether they are dealing with a terrorism case or a case concerning the local crimes (Bayley Perito, 2010). If a member of the public comes in with a claim that he/she has been molested and then another member comes in with a claim that he/she is suspecting a terrorist activity, both cases should be attended. Leaving one case unattended and putting all the concentration on the othe r is not in line with ethical forces. However, the suspicion on terrorist activity may be allocated more resources as compared to the former. Individual Conscience and Police Assignments Police are people who have a conscience just like the rest of the public. Like any other people, they are tempted to act in accordance with their conscience. However, this is against their ethical and professional requirements. For example, they are cannot just start searching someone (invading privacy) because they ‘feel’ that something is not right. They must have tangible evidence. A police officer cannot stop a Muslim citizen or an immigrant from an Arab country because they suspect that he is engaging in terrorism activity. There must be evidence to prove this ‘feeling’ (Bayley Perito, 2010). The individual conscience should not interfere with a police officer’s assignment. The right procedures should be followed and when any arrests or searches are made. This is despite the fact that a police officer may have a few ‘hunches’, connecting the suspect with the activities (Schulhofer, 2002). If they are not legally acceptable, the police officer cannot act entirely on the conscience. However, a police officer can follow up on a lead or a suspicion without interfering with the rights of the individual. If the police find legal reasons warranting of other extreme measures, then they can be taken. Police training on Ethical Dilemmas Police encounter and will continue to encounter ethical dilemmas in the field or in their assignment. This is because there are situations that come where one needs to take either of the extreme measure. If a one fails to know hoe to handle an ethical dilemma when in training, it might harder for the individual to handle it when he/she comes across such a situation. It is therefore significant ethical dilemma training be done before one is released to take up the real life assignments. This can be done by preparing the officers that they will come across cases where they have to choose between bad and good (Bayley Perito, 2010). For example, one might come across a situation where he/she has to shoot a relative, friend, or close family member in order to save victims of a perpetrator. This is if the family member or the relative is the perpetrator. In many cases, people in the police department may be forced to make many sacrifices. Sometimes, these sacrifices involve choosing the public over ones family. It also involves risking the life of one in order to save many. Although this is easier when being theoretically taught than when one practically experiences it, the training prepares the officers psychologically. It is also good for the department to have professional councilors or psychologists so that these officers are well taken care of when such situations come up (Bailey Perito, 2010). References Bayley, D. H., Perito, R. (2010). The police in war: Fighting insurgency, terrorism, and violent crime. Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers. Schulhofer, S. J. (2002). The enemy within: Intelligence gathering, law enforcement, and civil liberties in the wake of September 11. New York: Century Foundation Press. The Council of State Governments. (2005). The Impact of Terrorism on State Law Enforcement. Eastern Kentucky University, April.

Tuesday, March 10, 2020

The corrosive impact of globalization on languages essays

The corrosive impact of globalization on languages essays As globalization is gaining momentum in all dimensions such as economies, cultures among countries, it brings along crushing impact in many aspects. Languages are on the list of things that bear the brunt and statistics reveal that every year several languages dissolve. Thus the incipient trend prompts backlash by some conservatives who are gradually becoming apprehensive and appeal to governments to take measures to stave off their distinctions. Analyzing insightfully, I think they make a fuss about it and the protective measures are dispensable. For a start, it is the historical trend that determines the demise of some languages. At one time in history, these languages may have contributed to the progress of society as means of communicating. But recently, they have outlived their usefulness. Few and far between people still use them for communicating. Thus, they are gradually becoming less and less conducive and constructive in facilitating people ¡Ã‚ ¯s lives and pushing society forward. Therefore, these languages are destined to be ruled out of the world stage by the screening system dominated by history which resembles natural selection. Moreover, with some languages petering out, it will add to the conveniences in communication. The language, embodiment of the speaker ¡Ã‚ ¯s ideas, plays an essential role during communication. So on condition that everyone speaks his own language respectively, he will encounter obstruction in getting himself understood. Only if some languages vanish can more people resort to the same language. So as can be seen, the doom of some languages isn ¡Ã‚ ¯t a thing without any merits and doesn ¡Ã‚ ¯t deserve being bombarded. Lastly, taking measures to protect languages that are on the brink of extinction is not a snap. It entails an exorbitant price including money, time and energy which is supposed to be channeled to other deprived fields such as education, environmental protection. And those fields are ...

Sunday, February 23, 2020

Community and social policy Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2250 words

Community and social policy - Essay Example The two features, oppression and discrimination, have become very common in making it almost impossible for individuals to move up the professional ladder in the labor market. Giddens (1993) therefore provides a definition of discrimination as the activity or action that grabs away the opportunities from a specific group, making them out of their reach. It is in this essay therefore that I will lay my focus on old age and mental illness or disability as core areas of discrimination and oppression in the society. I also will look at the similarities and differences between these core areas of discrimination I will study disability as an area of oppression in society. During my first part I will search the meaning of discrimination and oppression within our society. The significance of anti-discriminatory practice will be debated and tracked by an introduction and description of the PCS model of analyses. Thompson (1993) is used to highlight discrimination and oppression on three diffe rent levels. Oppression is a state in which a culture, group, society, state or individual have military, economic and political power that they use in such a wrong way which ends up disadvantaging the powerless in the society. Individuals carrying out the oppression are in control of those under them and therefore better placed when it comes to discriminating against other people. This heinous act comes by just as another group that feels more special gets the mere perception that the other group exists (Cohen, 1988). It is the various groups existing in the society that makes it easier for these forms of discrimination to take place; with the knowledge of the weaker group, therefore forming attitudes against one another. Mental health problem is a term that encompasses a great deal of problems that have an effect on the way an individual carries out with their day to day living. According to The World Health Organization (WHO,

Thursday, February 6, 2020

Manchester united brand vision Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 750 words

Manchester united brand vision - Essay Example These numbers have become major attractions to the sponsors of the club including AIG, Nike, Chevrolet, Vodafone and so on. A brand represents product development and history (Kotler , Armstrong and Wong, 2008). However, the owner and managers have the power to maintain a brand. Manchester United has a long history of attractive victory matches. The club has owned 19 league titles and over 20 other champions. To retain their position, it has to continue playing high level over a long period. Moreover, the club was established over 100 years ago, thereby gaining global fan bases. Therefore, the fans tend to tie their love for the club by purchasing Manchester United costumes, equipment and other accessories. This makes Manchester United as an attractive proposition in the international marketplace. Sponsorship allows inclusion of the company brand logo on the Manchester United playing kit, the right to use the club logo in promotions and advertisements at the Manchester United games (Beech and Chadwick , 2007). It also allows the sponsors to feature in the Manchester United marketing materials such as magazine, internet and program matches. The association with the club will play a significant role to the sponsor brand. These benefits include promoting and enhancing the sponsor brand, there retaining and attracting new customers. The fans and the supporter of Manchester United are the core attribute of its brand. This is an added advantage to the brand over other football clubs because it is regarded as an emotional bond. As a result, Manchester United brand is growing faster than other sport brands. It is growing faster and further beyond other traditional sport brands worldwide. Research indicates that the club customer database is over 10 million and, it is forecasted to continue growing (Lagae, 2005). Manchester United is referred to as a distributor brand due to its characteristics and attributes. It has sponsors from various

Wednesday, January 29, 2020

Making Case Teaching Essay Example for Free

Making Case Teaching Essay Audrey Edwards’ essay â€Å"Making the Case for Teaching our Boys to†¦ ‘Bring Me Home a Black Girl’† explains the ideas and reasons behind the need to impress upon black men the importance of marrying within the race. It presents a strongly ethnocentric view of the marital situation, citing this as an important step in the preservation of the black race and culture. The essay considers the influence of the media over the minds of black people, identifying the dominance of its white images. It identifies areas in which this influence has led to the erosion of the black family and community through interracial marriages that dilute the black-content of the unions’ offspring. The essay also cites examples of successful and educated members of the African American community that adhere to the idea of marrying within the race as a method of fortifying it financially and ensuring its continued prosperity. In making these points, Edwards uses a number of discursive techniques to strengthen her argument and make her case more understandable and cogent to her audience. The subject of the essay is the marital choices of black men of this era. The author seeks to make a point that black men should choose marital partners from within the black race. Audrey Edwards begins by demonstrating with clarity how she has impressed it upon her step-son that marrying a black woman is the way to please her. She expresses the opinion that the training up of the black man should include lessons on how to marry just as much as it includes lessons on attitude. She writes that it is a â€Å"mothers role in imparting to male children whats expected when it comes to marriage† (Edwards, par. 3). Her idea is that active parenting should be able to combat the problem currently being faced of black men marrying outside of the race. With constant authoritative reminders of what is expected of them regarding marriage, it is the author’s opinion that parents can inculcate in black people’s minds how unthinkable it should be to engage in inter-racial marriage. The audience to which this essay is directed is a predominantly black one. It directly comprises black fathers and mothers as well as black sons, as Edwards considers that â€Å"the issue might be addressed by something as simple and basic as child rearing† (par. 4). The essay, therefore, speaks to these parents on how to go about letting their sons know precisely where to go to choose a mate. It also seeks to convince those black parents who need convincing that they should take a stand in promoting black marriage within their households and communities. Yet the essay’s audience is also indirectly made up of yet-to-be married black men and women who have the potential to be produce and rear the next generation of black children. These potential parents have the opportunity to make right and wrong choices concerning their mates. The author desires to focus their attention on black members of the opposite sex and to deter them from choosing outside their race. Finally, the author’s message is intended to be filtered down even to small children, as she seeks to promote the bombardment of these children with positive images of black persons within homes and other places where they spend their time. The persona of the essay is its author who, as a black woman, has witnessed the migration of black men from the black race and their gravitation toward white women as life partners. This she has considered to be an affront to black women in general and specifically to herself, who has no ammunition against an Anglo-centric media that promotes white women as beautiful and black women as the opposite. This persona takes the point of view also of a mother, who considers it her responsibility to contribute to the reversal of this problem by teaching her son values that would deter him from acting in the same way toward black women. The purpose of the essay is to provide cogent arguments to persons of authority that would induce them to promote the purity of the black race and dissuade black men from marrying outside of the race. Edwards’ describes the essay as one that seeks to promote the adage, â€Å"Bring me home a black girl,† as one that has become somewhat of a commandment in the black community. She writes, â€Å"Its one of those commandments Ugo has heard from me most of his life, right up there with ‘Dont do drugs,’ ‘Finish school’ and ‘Use a condom’ (Edwards, par. 2). The article is meant to convince parents and authority figures that they have to be clear to young black men regarding what is required of them. Edwards continues, â€Å"Oh, we may ask vague, cursory questions about the women they bring home: Can she cook? What work does she do? Who are her people? But rarely do we come right out and make the case for marrying Black† (par. 4). The author’s purpose is to change this by becoming open and vocal about the necessity to maintain the sanctity of the ethnocentric union. The ethos of this particular piece derives from the persona of the author as a mother and professional. However, the author also draws upon the testimonials of several other successful, educated, and well-respected persons within the Black community who share her views. She gains testimonies from such persons as professors, successful Black business owners, and media personnel. One such testimonial that increases the ethical appeal of the argument comes from a professor at Howard University (Maxwell Manning), who strengthens the ethos of Edwards’ case by citing academic and anthropological ideas that favor her case. The logos or logical appeal of the essay can be found in Edwards’ use of examples and credible statistics collected by the U. S. Census Bureau to demonstrate precisely how the marriage of black men to white women has been eroding the Black community. She records that â€Å"the number of Black men marrying White women has increased tenfold in the last 40 years, up from 25,000 in 1960 to 268,000 today. Thats more than double the number of Black women who marry White men† (Edwards, par. 5). The logos of this is to be found in the fact that any thinking person that reads this would be able to understand the precise implications of this phenomenon. More black women are left with no one to marry when higher levels of black men than women seek partners outside the race. Edwards also uses such data to indicate the early age at which black children start becoming affected by the media in such a way that is detrimental to their self image. She writes, â€Å"But according to experts, by age 7, Black children have already been bombarded by media images that can negatively shape how they view themselves and the partners youd think they would naturally be drawn to† (par. 12). Her reference to the testimony of experts lends logical credibility to her ideas and makes them more convincing. One authoritative testimony comes from the professor Maxwell Manning from Howard University. Edwards quotes him as saying, â€Å"If you look at strong cultures, like the Jews, youll find they have a high rate of marrying within their group. Thats how they remain strong† (Edwards, par. 9). This idea strengthens the ethos of the case for marrying within the Black community as a method of preserving its strength. Edwards also cites the magazine publisher and his wife who â€Å"made it clear to [their] boys that they were not to bring home any White girls† (par. 3). Another authoritative testimony comes from Valerie Williams, a marketing executive who thinks it undesirable for her son to marry someone who considers him inferior (par 16). The testimony above by Maxwell Manning also takes the form of an analogy. Here, a comparison is drawn between the effort to reduce intermarriage in the Black community and the efforts at keeping the Jewish community untainted and strong. This comparison is made for the sake of presenting the case for black ethnocentrism as having as much credibility as that which is enjoyed by the Jewish community. It also helps in pointing out the legitimacy, importance and non-racist aspect of lobbying for the preservation of the Black race. The essay by Audrey Edwards exists for the purpose of defending the promotion of black men marrying black women. The author identifies the problem that exists in which black women are denied marriage partners because black men frequently turn to white women. The impact of this, which the author presents, weighs heavily on the future of the black race. With racial intermarriage comes mixed-race children; and the more of these that take place, the fewer black children will be present to perpetuate the black race. The author uses several devices to make her point. She utilizes ethical components and logical arguments, as well as analogies and authoritative testimonials in order to make her case a cogent one. Work Cited Edwards, Audrey. â€Å"Making the Case for Teaching our Boys to†¦ ‘Bring Me Home a Black Girl. ’† Essence. November, 2002. Available: http://findarticles. com/p/articles/mi_m1264/is_7_33/ai_94384284/pg_1

Monday, January 20, 2020

Personal Narrative- Growing Closer to God Essay -- Personal Perspectiv

Personal Narrative- Growing Closer to God My head spins as I fly down Capital Circle on my way back home from church. Church has always been the highlight of my week, but something was missing tonight. I just couldn't seem to focus on worshiping God. My usual words of praise were empty. My hectic life had become a distraction and kept me from focusing on God, who should be my main priority. The butterflies in my stomach feel more like a herd of elephants tearing through my body. I cry out, "Why God? Why am I so busy? Why can't things just slow down for a single night?" As I pull into my driveway the "elephants" continue and my stress level only escalates. An incredible urge to disappear overwhelms me. As I slump over my textbook and try to focus on studying, my gaze keeps shifting to my Bible. "Are you trying to tell me something God? Because I don't think you understand how much I have left to do tonight. My grade depends on studying for this test and I'm not ready for it at all." My arm creeps toward the Bible and snatches it up. It's as if the arm isn't my own; I can'...

Sunday, January 12, 2020

Criminal Law Essay

1. What kind of strike does the law not allow to form the basis of self-defense claims? d. Preemptive Correct Question 2 The castle exception is an exception to what doctrine? a. the retreat doctrine Question 3 Which of the following cases involves the â€Å"New York Subway Vigilante?† c. People v. Goetz (1986) Correct Question 4 Most defenses are perfect defenses; if they’re successful, defendants are c. acquitted. Question 5 The retreat requirement is weakest or nonexistent when persons are attacked b. in their own homes. Correct Question 6 The defense of consent recognizes the societal value of a. individual autonomy. Correct Question 7 A defense in which the defendant admits the act but claims that, under the circumstances, they aren’t legally responsible is called b. excuse. Correct Question 8 A defense in which the defendant accepts responsibility for the act but claims what they did was right is called a. justification. Correct Question 9 Circumstances that convince fact finders that defendants don’t deserve the maximum penalty for the crime they’re convicted of are called c. mitigating circumstances. Correct Question 10 Which of the following never justifies the use of force against another person? a. retaliation Question 11 At the heart of the choice-of-evils defense is the necessity to prevent a. imminent danger. Correct Question 12 A person who was the initial aggressor can gain a lawful right to self-defense if they do which of the following from the incident they started? b. completely withdraw Correct Question 13 A person can use deadly force against an attacker whom the victim reasonably believes is going to cause them an injury less than death. The attacker is said to be threatening b. serious bodily injury. Correct Question 14 What is the heart of self-defense? a. necessity Correct Question 15 The general rule is that self-defense is available only against what type of attacks? b. Legal Question 16 Which of the following is a key requirement of the necessity defense? a. that no reasonable legal option exists for averting the harm Correct Question 17 The law of self-defense is undergoing b. major transformation. Correct Question 18 In some jurisdictions, a person must retreat before using defensive deadly force if a. he can with complete safety to himself and others. Correct Question 19 Defensive force may be used only if the threat or danger is  d. imminent. Correct Question 20 Evidence that doesn’t amount to a perfect defense might amount to an imperfect defense; that is, defendants are d. guilty of lesser offenses.

Saturday, January 4, 2020

Biography of Empress Elisabeth of Austria

Empress Elisabeth (born Elisabeth of Bavaria; December 24, 1837 – September 10, 1898) was one of the most famous royal women in European history. Famed for her great beauty, she was also a diplomat who oversaw the unification of Austria and Hungary. She holds the title of the longest-serving Empress of Austria in history. Fast Facts: Empress Elisabeth of Austria Full Name:  Elisabeth Amalie Eugenie, Duchess in Bavaria, later Empress of Austria and Queen of HungaryOccupation: Empress of Austria and Queen of HungaryBorn: December 24, 1837 in Munich, BavariaDied: September 10, 1898 in Geneva, SwitzerlandKey Accomplishments: Elisabeth was Austria’s longest-serving empress. Although she was often at odds with her own court, she had a special relationship with the Hungarian people and was instrumental in bringing about the uniting of Austria and Hungary in an equal, dual monarchy.Quote: â€Å"Oer thee, like thine own sea birds  / Ill circle without rest / For me earth holds no corner  /  To build a lasting nest.† – from a poem written by Elisabeth Early Life: The Young Duchess Elisabeth was the fourth child of Duke Maximilian Joseph in Bavaria and Princess Ludovika of Bavaria. Duke Maximilian was a bit eccentric and decidedly more progressive in his ideals than his fellow European aristocrats, which heavily influenced Elisabeths beliefs and upbringing. Elisabeth’s childhood was much less structured than many of her royal and aristocratic counterparts. She and her siblings spent much of their time riding in the Bavarian countryside, rather than in formal lessons. As a result, Elisabeth (fondly known as â€Å"Sisi† to her family and closest confidantes) grew to prefer a more private, less structured lifestyle. Throughout her childhood, Elisabeth was particularly close to her older sister Helene. In 1853, the sisters traveled with their mother to Austria in hopes of an extraordinary match for Helene. Ludovikas sister Sophie, mother of Emperor Franz Joseph, had tried and failed to secure a match for her son among major European royalty and instead turned to her own family. Privately, Ludovika also hoped the trip might secure a second marriage in the family: between Franz Joseph’s younger brother, Karl Ludwig, and Elisabeth. A Whirlwind Romance and the Aftermath Serious and pious, Helene did not appeal to the 23-year-old emperor, although his mother expected he would obey her wishes and propose to his cousin. Instead, Franz Joseph fell madly in love with Elisabeth. He insisted to his mother that he would not propose to Helene, only to Elisabeth; if he could not marry her, he swore he would never marry. Sophie was deeply displeased, but she eventually acquiesced. Franz Joseph and Elisabeth married on April 24, 1854. The period of their engagement had been a strange one: Franz Joseph was reported by all to be full of joy, but Elisabeth was quiet, nervous, and often found crying. Some of this could certainly be attributed to the overwhelming nature of the Austrian court, as well as the reportedly overbearing attitude of her aunt-turned-mother-in-law. The Austrian court was intensely strict, with rules and etiquette that frustrated the progressive-minded Sisi. Even worse was her relationship with her mother-in-law, who refused to cede power to Elisabeth, who she viewed as a silly girl incapable of being an empress or mother. When Elisabeth and Franz Joseph had their first child in 1855, the Archduchess Sophie, Sophie refused to allow Elisabeth to care for her own child or even name her. She did the same to the next daughter, Archduchess Gisela, born in 1856. Following Gisela’s birth, the pressure increased even further on Elisabeth to produce a male heir. A cruel pamphlet was anonymously left in her private chambers that suggested the role of a queen or empress was only to bear sons, not to have political opinions, and that a consort who did not bear a male heir would be a scheming danger to the country. It is widely believed that Sophie was the source. Elisabeth suffered another blow in 1857, when she and the archduchesses accompanied the emperor to Hungary for the first time. Although Elisabeth discovered a deep kinship with the more informal and straightforward Hungarian people, it was also the site of great tragedy. Both her daughters fell ill, and the Archduchess Sophie died, only two years old. An Active Empress Following Sophie’s death, Elisabeth retreated from Gisela as well. She began the obsessive beauty and physical regimens that would grow into the stuff of legend: fasting, rigorous exercise, an elaborate routine for her ankle-length hair, and stiff, tightly-laced corsets. During the long hours required to maintain all of this, Elisabeth was not inactive: she used this time to learn several languages, study literature and poetry, and more. In 1858, Elisabeth finally fulfilled her expected role by becoming the mother of an heir: the Crown Prince Rudolf. His birth helped her gain a larger foothold of power at court, which she used to speak on behalf of her beloved Hungarians. In particular, Elisabeth grew close to Hungarian diplomat Count Gyula Andrassy. Their relationship was a close alliance and friendship and was also rumored to be a love affair – so much so that, when Elisabeth had a fourth child in 1868, rumors swirled that Andrassy was the father. Elisabeth was forced away from politics around 1860, when several bouts of ill health caught up with her, along with stress brought on by the rumors of her husband’s affair with an actress. She used this as an excuse to withdraw from court life for some time; her symptoms often returned when she returned to the Viennese court. It was around this time that she began standing her ground with her husband and mother-in-law, especially when they wanted another pregnancy – which Elisabeth did not want. Her marriage with Franz Joseph, already distant, became even more so. She relented, however, in 1867, as a strategic move: by returning to her marriage, she increased her influence in time to push for the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, which created a dual monarchy in which Hungary and Austria would be equal partners. Elisabeth and Franz Joseph became King and Queen of Hungary, and Elisabeth’s friend Andrassy became the prime minister. Her daughter, Valerie, was born in 1868, and became the object of all her mother’s pent-up maternal affection, sometimes to an extreme extent. The Hungarian Queen With her new official role as queen, Elisabeth had more excuse than ever to spend time in Hungary, which she gladly took. Even though her mother-in-law and rival Sophie died in 1872, Elisabeth often remained away from court, choosing instead to travel and to raise Valerie in Hungary. She dearly loved the Magyar people, as they loved her, and gained a reputation for her preference for â€Å"common† people over mannered aristocrats and courtiers. Elisabeth was shattered with yet another tragedy in 1889 when her son Rudolf died in a suicide pact with his mistress Mary Vetsera. This left Franz Josephs brother Karl Ludwig (and, upon Karl Ludwigs death, his son Archduke Franz Ferdinand) as the heir. Rudolf had been an emotional boy, like his mother, who was forced into a military upbringing that did not suit him at all. Death seemed everywhere for Elisabeth: her father had died in 1888, her sister Helene died in 1890, and her mother in 1892. Even her steadfast friend Andrassy passed in 1890. Her fame continued to increase, as did her desire for privacy. Over time, she repaired her relationship with Franz Joseph, and the two became good friends. Distance seemed to help the relationship: Elisabeth was traveling extensively, but she and her husband corresponded often. Assassination and Legacy Elisabeth was traveling incognito in Geneva, Switzerland in 1898 when news of her presence leaked. On September 10, she and a lady-in-waiting were walking to board a steamer when she was attacked by Italian anarchist Luigi Lucheni, who wanted to kill a monarch, any monarch. The wound was not evident at first, but Elisabeth collapsed soon after boarding, and it was discovered that Lucheni had stabbed her in the chest with a thin blade. She died almost immediately. Her body was returned to Vienna for a state funeral, and she was buried in the Capuchin Church. Her killer was apprehended, tried, and convicted, then committed suicide in 1910 while in prison. Elisabeth’s legacy – or legend, depending on who you ask – carried on in several ways. Her widower founded the Order of Elizabeth in her honor, and many monuments and buildings in Austria and Hungary bear her name. In earlier stories, Elisabeth was portrayed as a fairy-tale princess, likely because of her whirlwind courtship and because of the most famous portrait of her: a painting by Franz Xaver Winterhalter that depicted her with diamond stars in her floor-length hair. Later biographies attempted to uncover the depth of Elisabeth’s life and inner conflict. Her story has captivated writers, musicians, filmmakers, and more, with dozens of works based on her life finding success. Instead of an untouchable, ethereal princess, she was often depicted as a complex, often unhappy woman – much closer to reality. Sources Hamann, Brigitte. The Reluctant Empress: A Biography of Empress Elisabeth of Austria. Knopf, 1986.Haslip, Joan, The Lonely Empress: Elisabeth of Austria. Phoenix Press, 2000.Meares, Hadley. The Tragic Austrian Empress Who Was Murdered By Anarchists. History.